But trusts can also be set up for charitable purposes, famous examples being the British Museum or the Rockefeller Foundation. In the ‘lower house’ politicians are elected to represent smaller constituencies. The ‘upper house’ is usually elected to represent states in a federal system or different voting configuration in a Law News unitary system . In the UK the upper house is appointed by the government as a house of review. One criticism of bicameral systems with two elected chambers is that the upper and lower houses may simply mirror one another. The traditional justification of bicameralism is that an upper chamber acts as a house of review.
- Law also raises important and complex issues concerning equality, fairness, and justice.
- In other words, understanding a particular action requires applying the theory’s laws and deriving a solution.
- Academic opinion is divided on whether it is a separate system from civil law,